Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Blaisdell, Noyse families crafted clocks, combs

My Column From Newburyport News 

Colonial families handed down trades through the generations. The Blaisdells (See Genealogy by Steve Klomps below) of Amesbury perfected clock making and the Noyses of Newbury mastered comb manufacturing. They would be among the many ingenious families who would help establish Essex County as the center of industry. Even more fascinating, generational expertise was not limited to one profession, as most “readily turned a hand at any business,” resulting in great success.
Amesbury historian Steven Klomps asserts that the Blaisdells were the first American-born clock makers. David Sr. was a “mechanical genius” and made his first clock in 1735.
David hitched up with Abigail Colby and lived on Main Street in a house that is now the Bartlett Museum. The couple had four sons who became master clock makers.
David conducted business from Kendrick’s Lane in the front yard of his Uncle Charles’ home and “never was there a more industrious or useful man seldom found.” His talents went beyond clocks. He “repaired augers, andirons, steelyards, gunlocks, tin and brass ware, shod horses, and forged iron work for vessels.” He also “sold groceries, dry goods, meat, wood, and operated a cider mill.”
The town voted to give David the meeting house bell that historians conclude he used for casting clock bells. The clocks are still ticking today and the fine craftsmanship and quality come through the brass and pewter dials. There are 20 clocks on record made by him.
Newbury’s Daniel Balch, another instrumental clock maker, apprenticed under David.
In 1755 David was commissioned to Fort Ticonderoga to make armor. He brought his 14-year-old son Isaac to apprentice under him. Unfortunately, he was killed in battle, but Isaac returned home to work with David Jr. and Uncle Obadiah Colby. Isaac settled Chester, N.H., earning a fine reputation as a silversmith and clockmaker.

Gary Sullivan of “PBS Antiques Road Show” states that David Jr. took over the business in 1756. David’s contribution to the clock world was mastering the sophisticated eight-day brass, time and strike movement, rather than the standard 30-hour lantern one. A clock sold at auction made in 1750 is easily identified because of its unusual features, namely the unique heart shaped cut-outs in the sides of hood carved to amplify the loud bells strike.
In 1777, Salisbury made history when the frigate Alliance was forged by the Hackett family. Klomps notes that David’s talent as a blacksmith was utilized in the enterprise. An impressive account is listed in the records of Timothy Cushing.
According to Sullivan, clocks produced by son Nicholas are among the rarest by any Blaisdell clan member. A tall clock made in 1760 is one of the most important examples of Colonial clock making and only two others like it have been documented. The clock, Sullivan notes, has “a rare sarcophagus top and a fine early painted surface,” and “is in almost a perfect state of preservation.”

In Newbury, the Noyeses were busy crafting another trade. Enoch Noyes, or “Old Fact,” as the natives called him, was a self-taught mechanical genius. It is often said, “a man’s home is his castle,” but for this man, it was a breeding ground for inventiveness. He owned the largest library around, first to import fruit trees, bred varieties of fish and issued the first comb industry in America (1759).
All the labor was done by hand and he straightened the horns used for combsby steaming them over his kitchen fire, pressing them in a cleft leg, opening it with wedges and allowing it to spring together.
A 1925 article, “Sesquicentennial of Comb Industry,” noted 32 comb shops in town between 1830 and 1840 with several Noyes offspring constantly inventing and improving the production. The foremost was grandson David Noyes, who invented a machine for twining, or cutting the teeth. He was the most important man in comb-making in America. By 1844 S. C. Noyes & Co. ruled the industry with the first steam-engine used in the town.
Horatio Noyes notes that Enoch’s eccentric nature matched his talents: “a great joker and capital storyteller, often running to the parish barefooted and bareheaded.” On hot summer days he was spotted sporting only his light britches running the fields “just to go a nooning.”
One thing is for sure: These fellows were a “marvel of Yankee ingenuity,” constantly combing new territory for inventions and never squandered time.

                                                 See Clipper Heritage Trail

Comb-Makers Davis F., William, and William H. Noyes. Courtesy of the Newburyport Public Library Archival Center

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Clock above with pewter dial bears the label of David Blaisdell of Amesbury, 1744
Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Volumes 12-14
Two hundred years of American clocks & watches C H Bailey
Also see See Simon Willard 

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